In Peru the traditions of indigenous agriculture have had an incredible impact on humanity and agricultural biodiversity. What Peru lacks is an effective way of engaging and improving the lives of small scale farmers. Western-style agricultural extension programs have been adopted by the Ministry of Agriculture, local municipal economic development offices, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs); however, these methods have yet to improve the plight of small-scale Peruvian farmers. Since the time of the Incas, Peru has a long history of agricultural innovation from the construction of extensive terracing to intricate irrigation systems allowing harsh terrain and climates to become productive farmlands. The challenge is creating an extension system that harnesses the strengths and resiliency of farmers and the traditional methods that have been practiced in the region for generations.